Longform: Zhuangzi’s “Perfect Words” – A Variation of “Goblet Words”

Written and Illustrated by Koo Hao Wei I. Introduction The term “perfect words” is specific only to the Outer Chapters of Zhuangzi. It is first introduced in Heaven and Earth, then appeared in Tian Zifang and Knowledge Wandered North, although not much is explained about its meaning. There are no scholarly works in the English … Continue reading Longform: Zhuangzi’s “Perfect Words” – A Variation of “Goblet Words”

Summer Series: Simone de Beauvoir and Zhuangzi – An Ethics Prioritising Freedom

By Yuka Kamamoto Both Simone de Beauvoir and Zhuangzi recognize that humans do not have a fixed essence and are concerned with constructing an ethics that respects and prioritizes human freedom. In this paper, I explore the similarities of both thinkers with regard to their rejection of absolute moral standards, and their views on personal … Continue reading Summer Series: Simone de Beauvoir and Zhuangzi – An Ethics Prioritising Freedom

Longform: Zhuangzi’s Conception of Self in Pursuit of the Way

By Harisan Nasir Introduction In this essay, I will attempt to answer a simple yet profound question: What does Zhuangzi believe to be the ‘self’? Firstly, we must ask whether Zhuangzi even believes in a ‘self’. Some have drawn parallels between Zhuangzi and early modern philosophers. Some philosophers. One uncontroversial interpretation of one of those … Continue reading Longform: Zhuangzi’s Conception of Self in Pursuit of the Way